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A tall tree is the focal point of a garden in between two concrete buildings

Adam Pynacker

(Dutch, ca. 1620 – 1673)

Landscape with Trees

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Object Details

Artist

Adam Pynacker

Date

ca. 1660

Medium

Pen and ink wash over pencil on laid paper

Dimensions

Image/Sheet: 15 7/8 × 11 1/2 inches (40.3 × 29.2 cm)
Overall/Frame: 24 × 19 3/8 × 1 inches (61 × 49.2 × 2.5 cm)

Credit Line

Gift of the Wunsch Foundation, Inc.

Object
Number

95.003

This ambitious, carefully composed drawing is an unusually finished example of Adam Pynacker’s visio(…)

This ambitious, carefully composed drawing is an unusually finished example of Adam Pynacker’s vision of landscape as a highly decorative, perfect ornament. He seems to have spent three years in Italy, from 1645 to 1648, before returning to live in Delft and, finally, Amsterdam, and that southern sojourn was crucial to his stylistic development. He was a member of a generation of Dutch artists, many born around 1620, who visited Italy and were deeply influenced by its unique mixture of ancient monuments and contemporary peasants, mountainous countryside, and warm golden light. Pynacker uses one of his favorite compositional devices here; the lively, twisting trees in the foreground form a rectangle that echoes the shape of the sheet as a whole. Interestingly, the artist repeated this composition in another drawing, of the same size, in the Courtauld Institute, in London. In the London work, which is signed, the freshness and variety of light and shadow are gone; various details, like the woman on the right, are deleted; and the whole scene has less of the spontaneity and almost rococo decorativeness that characterize Pynacker at his best. (From “A Handbook of the Collection: Herbert F. Johnson Museum of Art,” 1998)

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